Little-Known Eye Cancer Warning Signs You May Not Want To Miss

Eye cancers start in the cells inside your eyeball and in nearby structures, like your eyelids and tear ducts. All forms of eye cancer are extremely rare. However, there are a few early signs and symptoms of this deadly disease you must take note of to get a timely diagnosis and treatment. Read on to know what they are.
eye cancer

Eye cancer is among the rarest forms of cancer that affects the eye with an incidence of 5 per million adults

Eye cancer is among the rarest forms of cancer that affects the eye with an incidence of 5 per million adults.
Doctors say eye cancer includes several rare types of cancers that begin in various areas of your eye - including your eyeball and the structures surrounding the eyeball. Eye cancer starts when cells multiply out of control and form a tumour.
According to Cancer Research, as with most types of cancer, an early diagnosis is key to effective treatment and increased survival rate. And so, it is important to know the early signs and symptoms of this disease.

Early indicators of eye cancer

According to experts, many people with eye cancer do not experience symptoms unless a tumour is growing in a location that interferes with how their eye works.
Experiencing symptoms does not mean you have eye cancer. Many benign or noncancerous eye conditions share similar indicators with eye cancer.
A few early symptoms include:

Change in vision

These changes include a loss of vision, blurry vision, double vision, flashing lights or even floaters, an object in the field of vision.

Leukocoria

It is a white reflection in the pupil of the eye.

Pigmentation

Many people notice a pigmented or dark area on the conjunctiva of the eye.

Lumps

A small, firm, and raised lump with a lesion in the center of the eyelid is another noticeable sign.

Ulceration of the eyelid

Small, reddish ulcers on the eyelids can be a sign of eye cancer.

Loss of eyelashes

Rarely, localized lash loss can be a symptom of eye or even skin cancer on the eyelid. Cancer interrupts eyelash growth as harmful cells spread.

Unhealed stye

Many times, you may suffer from an eye stye - an infection in the eyelid that causes a tender, red bump near the edge of the lid, caused by bacteria – which does not heal for a long time.
Other symptoms you may notice include:
  • Growing dark spot on the iris
  • Change in pupil shape or size
  • Change of eyeball position or the way the eye moves
  • Bulging of eye
  • Orbital or ocular pain
  • Excessive tearing, bloody tears

What causes eye cancer?

Eye cancer occurs when cells begin to divide and multiply out of control, eventually forming a tumour, pieces of which break off and spread to your lymph nodes and bloodstream.
These cancer cells travel to other parts of your body via your bloodstream and lymphatic system, causing new tumours to form in other organs.

Risk factors for eye cancer

Doctors have identified several risk factors that may increase your likelihood of developing eye cancer:

Age

Most eye cancers are diagnosed in people over 50 years of age.

Skin colour

You are more likely to get eye cancer if you are white and if you have pale skin.

Eye colour

Those with light coloured eyes are more likely to get eye cancer than people with dark eyes.

Inherited conditions

Dysplastic nevus syndrome, an inherited condition that involves having several atypical-looking moles, can increase your risk of some eye cancers.

Sunning and tanning

Possibly exposure to UV rays from the sun or tanning beds can increase your risk of intraocular melanoma.
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