ADHD Diagnosis On The Rise: Identifying Signs And Symptoms In Adults And Children

The sedentary lifestyle and poor dietary habits prevalent in modern society have contributed to an increasing concern regarding mental health issues such as ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder). Recent reports highlight a growing trend in the diagnosis of ADHD among children, indicating a pressing need for awareness and early detection. Read on to know signs and symptoms more.
ADHD Diagnosis On The Rise: Identifying Signs And Symptoms

ADHD Diagnosis On The Rise: Identifying Signs And Symptoms (Image Credits: iStock)

In recent years, the prevalence of Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) among children and adolescents has been on the rise, prompting significant attention from researchers seeking to understand the underlying factors driving this trend. While the exact cause of ADHD remains elusive, several contributing factors have emerged from ongoing studies, shedding light on the complex interplay of genetic, environmental, and neurobiological influences.
A recent report released by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reveals a rising trend in the diagnosis of ADHD among children. ADHD stands as one of the prevalent mental health conditions in childhood, characterized by a recurring pattern of inattention, impulsivity, or hyperactivity.
These symptoms commonly manifest during childhood and may persist through adolescence and even into adulthood.
According to the CDC, children with ADHD often exhibit behaviours such as excessive daydreaming, frequent forgetfulness or loss of items, restlessness or fidgeting, excessive talking, making careless mistakes or engaging in unnecessary risks, experiencing difficulty in taking turns, and struggling with interpersonal relationships.
Recent research indicates that over 11 percent of American children and adolescents received an ADHD diagnosis between 2020 and 2022, marking an increase of nearly 3 percent compared to previous years.
The report reveals that boys are diagnosed with ADHD at double the rate of girls, and the disorder is more prevalent among white children compared to their Black or Hispanic counterparts.
Uncertainty lingers regarding whether there's a surge in ADHD cases or if medical practitioners have simply become more adept at identifying its symptoms.
Health authorities emphasize that treatment options for ADHD encompass both behavioural therapy and medication. According to guidelines from The American Academy of Pediatrics, for children aged 6 years and older, a combination of behaviour therapy and medication is recommended. Meanwhile, for children under 6, behaviour therapy stands as the primary treatment approach.
Key Signs and Symptoms of ADHD to Be Aware Of
Recognizing the signs and symptoms of Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is crucial for early detection and intervention. Here are some indicators to watch out for:
Inattention:
- Difficulty sustaining attention in tasks or play activities.
- Frequently making careless mistakes in schoolwork or other tasks.
- Difficulty organizing tasks and activities.
- Avoidance of tasks that require sustained mental effort.
- Easily distracted by extraneous stimuli.
- Forgetfulness in daily activities.
Hyperactivity:
- Fidgeting or squirming, especially in situations where it is inappropriate.
- Difficulty remaining seated, such as in the classroom or during meals.
- Excessive talking or inability to engage in activities quietly.
- Running or climbing excessively, even in inappropriate situations.
- Often feeling restless or on the go.
Impulsivity:
- Impatience, often interrupting or intruding on others' conversations or activities.
- Difficulty waiting for one's turn in games or group situations.
- Actively seeking immediate rewards or gratification without considering long-term consequences.
- Making hasty decisions without fully considering the implications.
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