What Is Ozempic Pregnancy? Experts Share Symptoms, Risks And Alternatives

Recent studies indicate that Ozempic, a popular diabetes medication, poses potential risks during pregnancy. Hence, in order to get insights about the use of ozempic during pregnancy, we got in touch with health experts who have given insightful inputs on the same. Read on to know more.
pregnancy

When woman becomes pregnant while taking Ozempic, it is generally recommended to discontinue the medication and consult with a healthcare provider

Ozempic, a popular medication for managing type 2 diabetes, has garnered attention due to concerns surrounding its safety during pregnancy. Pregnancy is a critical period during which maternal health significantly impacts fetal development.
While some women may inadvertently use Ozempic during pregnancy, either due to unplanned pregnancies or inadequate contraceptive measures, healthcare professionals advise against its continued use once pregnancy is confirmed.
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But what is ozempic pregnancy? How is it different from normal pregnancy? What are the symptoms and risks associated with it? We got in touch with health experts who have answered all the questions.
Dr Neelam Suri, Senior Consultant Obstetrician and Gynaecologist, Indraprastha Apollo Hospital, New Delhi shares, “Ozempic (semaglutide) is a medication primarily used for the treatment of type 2 diabetes and weight management. However, its use during pregnancy raises concerns and requires careful consideration due to potential risks. During pregnancy, the body undergoes various physiological changes, including alterations in glucose and insulin 尘别迟补产辞濒颈蝉尘.”
Ozempic is classified as a Pregnancy Category C medication by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), which recommends that Ozempic should be used during pregnancy only if the potential benefits outweigh the potential risks to the fetus.
“If a woman becomes pregnant while taking Ozempic, it is generally recommended to discontinue the medication and consult with a healthcare provider. Alternative treatment options, such as insulin or other approved medications for gestational diabetes, may be considered during pregnancy, based on the individual's medical condition and risk factors,” Dr. Neelam Suri added.
Dr. Neelam Suri shares that in a normal pregnancy, the body goes through various physiological changes to support the growth and development of the fetus. However, when a woman is taking Ozempic (semaglutide) during pregnancy, there are potential differences and considerations.
Studies have suggested potential risks to the developing fetus, such as malformations, intrauterine death, and developmental delays. As a result, most healthcare professionals recommend discontinuing Ozempic during pregnancy.
The potential risks associated with Ozempic use during pregnancy may differ from those of a normal, uncomplicated pregnancy, where the focus is on monitoring the mother's health and supporting the fetus's growth and development without the influence of medications that have not been thoroughly evaluated for safety in pregnancy.
Dr. Neelam Suri shares potential symptoms or concerns related to Ozempic use during pregnancy may include:
  • An increased risk of fetal malformations,
  • Intrauterine growth restriction, and
  • Developmental delays in the fetus.
Women taking Ozempic during pregnancy may experience side effects such as nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, abdominal pain, and constipation. These gastrointestinal side effects could potentially exacerbate the common discomforts experienced during pregnancy, such as morning sickness or digestive issues.
Dr. Sonia Naik, Senior Director - Obstetrician and Gynaecologist, Max Smart Super Speciality Hospital, Saket shares that during pregnancy if a woman is using ozempic then there is a risk to the fetus of having structural and growth issues during pregnancy.
Are There Any Alternative Treatments For Managing Diabetes During Pregnancy That Should Be Considered Instead Of Ozempic?
Dr. Neelam Suri shares alternative treatments for managing diabetes during pregnancy instead of Ozempic (semaglutide):
Insulin therapy is generally considered the safest and most effective option for managing diabetes during pregnancy. Insulin has been extensively studied and used for decades in pregnant women with diabetes. It can be administered through injections or an insulin pump, and the dosage can be adjusted as needed to maintain appropriate blood sugar levels. Insulin does not cross the placenta, making it a safer choice for the developing fetus compared to oral medications that may have potential risks.
If insulin therapy is not suitable or well-tolerated, then we may recommend metformin. However, it's important to note that the safety profiles of these medications during pregnancy are not as well-established as insulin, and close monitoring of both the mother and fetus is essential.
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