World Hypertension Day: What Causes High Blood Pressure In Children? Most Commonly Missed Symptoms

World Hypertension Day is observed on May 17. High BP in children happens when blood pressure is at or above the 95th percentile for their age, sex and height when measured multiple times over three visits or more. High blood pressure in children can be caused due to various reasons. Here, take a look at some of causes of high BP in children and the symptoms of the condition.
What Causes High Blood Pressure In Children? Check Some Of The Commonly Missed Symptoms?

What Causes High Blood Pressure In Children? Check Some Of The Commonly Missed Symptoms

World Hypertension Day is observed on May 17 across the globe. The day aims to raise awareness about high blood pressure and how the condition affects your overall health and well-being. High blood pressure, also known as hypertension is a condition where the force of blood pushing against the walls of the artery is high. It is difficult for the heart to pump blood in people with high blood pressure and therefore, the heart has to work harder. While high BP is a condition that is seen mostly in adults, a lot of children too suffer from high blood pressure.
High BP in children happens when blood pressure is at or above the 95th percentile for their age, sex and height when measured multiple times over three visits or more, according to Johns Hopkins Medicine. This means that the normal blood pressure of a child will change each year, similar to their height and weight. High blood pressure in children can be caused due to various reasons such as medical conditions excess weight, poor nutrition and lack of exercise among others.

Here, take a look at some of the causes of high blood pressure in children.

Genetic Factors

Children can have a predisposition to high blood pressure from their parents. If children have a family history of hypertension, they have a higher risk of developing the condition.

Obesity

Increasing incidences of obesity among children are one of the major causes of high blood pressure. Excess body weight can lead to increased blood pressure because the heart needs to pump harder for blood to flow.

Poor Diet

Following a diet that is high in salt (sodium) and saturated fats, but low in nutrients such as fruits and vegetables can cause blood pressure to increase. Children who consume fast food, processed snacks and sugary beverages excessively have a higher risk.

Lack of Physical Activity

Sedentary lifestyles lead to obesity and eventually, high blood pressure. Children who engage in low to no physical activity are more likely to have higher blood pressure compared to those who take part in physical activity regularly.

Underlying Medical Conditions

Certain health conditions such as kidney disease, heart issues, hormonal disorders and conditions like diabetes can lead to high blood pressure in children. These conditions can directly impact the body’s ability to manage blood pressure.

Symptoms of high blood pressure in children

While the condition doesn’t cause any major symptoms, there are signs that might be an indication of high blood pressure. Here, take a look at some commonly missed symptoms of high blood pressure in children.
  • Headaches
  • Seizures
  • Vomiting
  • Chest pains
  • Fast or pounding heartbeat
  • Shortness of breath.
It is important to take necessary steps that can help lower blood pressure levels in children. You can make lifestyle and dietary changes. You can also speak to your doctor and they can guide you. If required, they might also prescribe medicines that can help in the management of high blood pressure in children.
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