Satellite-Based Toll Collection System Explained: Advantages, Disadvantages, And More

The Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) based toll collection system will help ease congestion and problems associated with slow-moving traffic on Indian highways.
Highway Toll Times Drive

Satellite Based Toll Collection will replace FasTAG in India

The Indian government last year announced plans to transition from the FASTag toll collection system to a GPS-based collection system on highways. As time passes by, the nation is getting closer to this upcoming significant change on the Indian highways as the government plans to eliminate the ongoing system. Hence, using FASTag will soon be a thing of the past as a satellite-based system will replace it.
In further advancement, the National Highway Authority of India (NHAI) has issued a call for expressions of interest (EoIs) for various global organizations to implement the satellite-based electronic collection system. Here are all the details about the upcoming system.

GPS-Based Toll Collection System: How It Works?

India's upcoming GPS-based toll collection system is set to utilize the current FASTag setup. However, in this new system, instead of scanning the FASTag IDs affixed to the vehicles, the vehicle's number plate will be scanned. Highways will be outfitted with virtual toll booths that utilize cameras able to identify the plates while the vehicle is in motion. Furthermore, the system will utilize GPS coordinates to pinpoint the vehicle and monitor its various details in order to automatically deduct the toll amount from the bank account based on the distance traveled.

Advantages of GPS-Based Toll Collection

The implementation of the new toll collection system aims to make the process more efficient by reducing the wait times. This will decrease the average waiting time from 714 seconds to 47 seconds, ultimately reducing travel time. Additionally, this approach will help ease traffic congestion and ensure a steady flow of vehicles without the need for constructing special toll lanes. Adding to it, eliminating physical toll booths will save efforts and costs needed for the maintenance and construction of toll booths. Furthermore, the billing process will become easier, as users will only pay for the distance they travel.

Challenges Associated With GPS-Based Toll Collection System

Even though the system is far more advanced when compared to the FasTAG currently used, there are certain problems associated with the system that need to be worked on. For instance, the system might not be able to accumulate accurate data in places with erratic signals. These problems might be persistent in rural areas or areas with geographically challenging terrain. Additionally, the use of such a system raises privacy concerns for the users.

Countries Using GPS-Based Toll Collection System

Several countries around the world have adopted a toll-based system with the same objectives as India's. For example, nations in Europe such as Germany, Russia, and Slovakia have utilized this system to simplify travel on their highways. This system spans thousands of kilometers in these countries.
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