Explained: What Is CAA, The Controversial Act Likely To Be Implemented Before Lok Sabha Polls
Home Minister Amit Shah made the announcement while speaking at the ET Now Global Business Summit 2024 on Saturday.
What The Act Intends To Do?
- The CAA does not apply to Indian citizens. It seeks to grant Indian citizenship to particular foreigners who have suffered persecution on grounds of their religion in three neighboring countries.
- The legislation applies to those who were "forced or compelled to seek shelter in India due to persecution on the ground of religion".
- The CAA protects the interests of the tribals and indigenous people of the North-Eastern region by excluding areas under the Sixth Schedule of the Constitution and areas covered by the Inner line Permit system. Such migrants living in these areas will not be able to apply for Indian citizens.
- During the last six years, approximately 2830 Pakistani citizens, 912 Afghani citizens, and 172 Bangladeshi citizens have been given Indian citizenship. Hundreds of them are from the majority community of these three countries.
- The CAA does not target any religious community from abroad. It only provides a mechanism for some migrants who may otherwise have been called “illegal” depriving them of the opportunity to apply for Indian citizenship provided they meet certain conditions.
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