Explained: What Is CAA, The Controversial Act Likely To Be Implemented Before Lok Sabha Polls

CAA (Citizenship Amendment Act): The Home Minister accused the Congress of backtracking on its promise to implement the CAA. "CAA was a promise of the Congress government. When the country was divided and the minorities were persecuted in those countries, Congress had assured the refugees that they were welcome in India and they will be provided with Indian citizenship. Now they are backtracking," he added.
Amit Shah.

Home Minister Amit Shah made the announcement while speaking at the ET Now Global Business Summit 2024 on Saturday.

New Delhi: Home Minister Amit Shah, speaking at the ET Now Global Business Summit 2024 on Saturday, made a significant announcement regarding the contentious Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA). The law, enacted in 2019, will be implemented before the Lok Sabha polls after issuing the rules in this regard.
"CAA notification will come before the elections. No one should have any doubts about that. Let me make this clear, CAA is not a law to take anyone's citizenship," he said.
The Home Minister accused the Congress of backtracking on its promise to implement the CAA. "CAA was a promise of the Congress government. When the country was divided and the minorities were persecuted in those countries, Congress had assured the refugees that they were welcome in India and they will be provided with Indian citizenship. Now they are backtracking," he added.
There were massive protests in some parts of the country after the CAA was passed by Parliament in December 2019 and received the presidential assent subsequently.
Last year, Amit Shah had asserted that no one can stop the implementation of the CAA as it is the law of the land.
What The Act Intends To Do?
Introduced by the Modi government in 2019, the CAA aims to confer Indian citizenship to persecuted non-Muslim migrants, including Hindus, Sikhs, Jains, Buddhists, Parsis, and Christians, who migrated from Bangladesh, Pakistan, and Afghanistan and arrived in India before December 31, 2014.
  • The CAA does not apply to Indian citizens. It seeks to grant Indian citizenship to particular foreigners who have suffered persecution on grounds of their religion in three neighboring countries.
  • The legislation applies to those who were "forced or compelled to seek shelter in India due to persecution on the ground of religion".
  • The CAA protects the interests of the tribals and indigenous people of the North-Eastern region by excluding areas under the Sixth Schedule of the Constitution and areas covered by the Inner line Permit system. Such migrants living in these areas will not be able to apply for Indian citizens.
  • During the last six years, approximately 2830 Pakistani citizens, 912 Afghani citizens, and 172 Bangladeshi citizens have been given Indian citizenship. Hundreds of them are from the majority community of these three countries.
  • The CAA does not target any religious community from abroad. It only provides a mechanism for some migrants who may otherwise have been called “illegal” depriving them of the opportunity to apply for Indian citizenship provided they meet certain conditions.
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